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The first documents define the country House as a family territorial unit part of a villa or large rustic estate established between the IX - X century.

That were buildings created on the edge of a margin where there was a ground floor made of dry stone, together with a roof made of branches, earth or stone slabs. Carried out by a family within a single property.


The first constructions were formed by simple country houses where only one family lived. They are called horizontal country house.

At the beginning of XII Century appears the "vertical country house" as the beginning of the course with a consolidated architectural type that will no longer be modified in the following centuries.

Therefore, it is composed of a square or rectangular floor built with thick walls secured with concrete that allowed creating a height of two or even more floors.


The two-story country house, with exemplary widths of both XIV century as of XVIII Century, consists of less thick outer walls but with internal walls on all floors.

The architectural conception is perfectly established: a house with two foundations, sometimes even a third one or attic. The country house has a common entrance to the ground floor, with a staircase that communicates directly with the kitchen of the upper floor and acts as a distributor in the chambers and in the attic when there is one.


Finally, the three-body country house consists of a large room in the central part, moving the kitchen to a side place either on the same floor or ground floor.

The rest of hamlets built previously are reformed to get that the dining room or the room is with a centralized position of the house and get more useful surface. This fact is given from the end of the XVII century all the XVIII and XIX centuries.